The preparation before you start painting can mean a big difference in the finish. Not only that, it will save you the time and effort in cleaning up after you are done with your work. You can use a roller or a brush to paint but using a roller is advised for starters.
Before you start painting, you have to remove all the curtains, lighting, fixtures and furniture in the room. For large furnishings that can not be removed, you can cover them with wash cloth and old newspapers or wash cloths to cover the floors and keep specks of paint from damaging your furniture, floor or carpet.
Wash the ceiling with mild soap and water. You want to make sure that the ceiling is free from dust and debris. If you see any cracks and holes, fill the holes properly with suitable fine filler. Remove any excess and sand it off using fine sandpaper until the area is smooth.
The first step in painting is to cut in or trim the ceiling. The goal is to create a clean and neat transition from one color or type of paint to another. Take a smaller paint brush and start in the corner and start by painting an inch or so away from the edge.
When using a brush
After you cut in around the entire ceiling and light fittings, coat the ceiling with smooth parallel strokes using a larger brush. Paint in 1meter sections so the wet edges stay fresher as this will improve the finish. Let the paint dry completely after the first coat is applied. Repeat the process for the second coat.
When using a roller
Fill the roller tray to a depth that does not rise above the pile of the roller. This should be done to avoid overloading. Place the roller in the paint and distribute the paint evenly bringing the roller back and forth over the top section of the tray. Start in one corner and use the roller in smooth parallel actions. Paint in 1 meter sections so the wet edges stay fresher. Let the paint dry completely after the first coat on the entire ceiling then apply the second coat.